Science-Fiction Studies
#23 = Volume 8, Part 1 = March, 1981
p.38-53, ©SFS Publications, 1981

Marc Angenot and Nadia Khouri

An International Bibliography of Prehistoric Fiction*


There appeared from 1860 to our day, in practically all the European cultures and in the US, hundreds of narratives that one may loosely group under the label "prehistoric fiction." Their superficial traits seem to be easily recognizable: these tales center around characters belonging to prehistory, and they relate events occurring in periods preceding recorded history, in those eras referred to collectively as the Stone Age, or those identified by the first palaeontologists as the Age of the Reindeer, or that of the Mammoth, or else in the Tertiary Era, since a number of scientists confidently assigned the origin of man to such pristine times.

Chronologically, the earliest books of prehistoric fiction appeared first in France. Nevertheless, the phenomenon seems to have spread before the end of the 19th century to countries like England, the US, and Germany. The emergence of the genre in English is associated with the names of Stanley Waterloo. H.G. Wells, Louis P. Gratacap. Jack London, and Edgar Rice Burroughs. William Golding's The Inheritors (1955) stands as a contemporary avatar of a literary type widely represented in English for over a century.

From the point of view of the sociology of literature, it is striking to find. at the very outset, groups of "specialists," i.e. writers who almost exclusively excelled in prehistoric fiction. Some of the most popular were people like Vardis A. Fisher and Richard Tooker in the US, Rosny the Elder in France, Ray Nyst in Belgium, Franz Achermann and Hans Friedrich Blunck in Germany. Yet, the most widely translated and read in all the Germanic languages was undoubtedly the Danish writer Johannes V. Jensen (Nobel Prize winner in 1944), author of a gigantic prehistoric saga. Den lange Rejse (The Long Journey). In the USSR we find some variants of the genre, notably in the 1920s, with Vladimir Obruchev, who combines the prehistoric theme with that of the hollow earth, a para-scientific conjecture mushrooming in other SF and utopian narratives throughout the 19th century. Some prehistoric fiction was also produced in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Italy and possibly elsewhere.

One narrative formula that was widely utilized in the writing of such fiction was that of the lost world: a crew of modern explorers discover a society of "living fossils" in the center of the Earth, in a secluded valley, or an isolated plateau. The archetype here is Arthur Conan Doyle's The Lost World (1912). A more recent instance would be Les animaux dénaturés by Vercors (1952).

This category of prehistoric fiction belongs to the much broader and more significant spectrum of what we term "ape-man tales." These are narratives that relate either the regression of man to a simian mode of living or the mutation of an ape, transformed by science, into a sort of degraded copy of man. These tales make up a category combining a diversity of interrelated narrative formulae: simian societies, hominized apes (by education, scientific manipulation, crossbreeding, or mutation), simian men (through a mode of living, or a regressive type of evolution, through atavism, or again through scientific manipulations such as the grafting of a human brain to the body of an anthropoid). In any case, the simian world seems to represent a grotesque distortion of some utopian commonplaces: a literal "monkey-antic" of a perfect and rational state where, quite ambiguously, apes may exhibit a certain type of exemplary wisdom.

The odd fact concerning these narratives about ambiguous humanoids is that they appeared much earlier than the Darwinian dispute and the polemics on the simian genesis of man. Fiction here had indeed preceded scientific statements, as though the social imagination had intuitively apprehended — with unease and embarrassment, yet always with fascination — man as a "successful" monkey, or else the ape as an unfortunate cousin of man. No matter what power religious authority may have exerted in curbing some of the most audacious assertions about the origins of man, fiction still remained the field where almost anything could be safely asserted, without being attacked for systematizing scientific beliefs. Thus the French popularizer Pierre Boitard produced his Paris avant les hommes (ca. 1859) well before the emergence of human palaeontology. This book, written for a teenage public and offered as a prize to proficient schoolboys, contains a fanciful description of the ape-like ancestor of the modern Parisian. This "knowledge" which was already there before science actually institutionalized and normalized it, opens up an important question regarding the role of fiction within the history of ideas. Furthermore, the simian origin of man had already been narrated in the guise of satirical conjecture as far back as the 18th century.

This preliminary interpretation of prehistoric fiction as a compound of ancient beliefs, fantasies, literary conventions, and scientific debates has led us to approach such fiction not in terms of these generic constants inherent in the narratives themselves, but rather in terms of the genre as an intertextual apparatus. By this, we mean that a genre is not only a set of immanent literary features, but also a sort of selective machine which attracts, distorts, magnifies, rejects, and amalgamates a number of ideological vectors disseminated across the wide expanse of social discourse. Thus we find prehistoric fiction impregnated with a variety of "ideologemes": the discourse of 19th-century palaeoanthropology, which is itself heavily laden with a number of ideological biases; the Darwinian debate and its vulgarized offshoots; Social Darwinism, or rather — under this falsely synthetic label — a hodge-podge of pseudo-socialist or reactionary speculations, where the influences of Malthus, Spencer, Nietzsche, and Marx often form some disturbing combinations; fin-de siècle social psychology, drawing on those hegemonic concepts of "heredity," "atavism," "degeneration"; and racial anthropology as it became institutionally established roughly since 1850 and its meanders in the irrational genealogies of the myth of Aryan superiority, reinforced by the selective formalizations of the comparative linguistics of Indo-Germanic languages.

The discourse of Aryan anthropology, according to which "the eternal race struggle" is conceived of as the great "law of history,"1 offers a narrative nucleus to which are linked by affinity several concepts with an intense power of suggestion: that of "ancestral influences" in psychology, the biological justification of struggle and warfare, the ideology of linear progress, etc. The "classical" prehistoric romance — in the 19th and early 20th centuries — constantly reactivates the same minimal story: the emergence of a leader coupled with the progress of a tribe. One gifted individual, distinct from the horde, masters a means of survival by force or cunning (i.e., force combined with a primitive form of intelligence) and thereby contributes to increased collective security. The tribe, investing in him its biological instinct for survival, recognizes him as its leader. The narrative is thus suitably constructed on the leitmotif of: nature, horde, soil, territory, instinct, atavism, blood, survival, danger, destiny, fight, alliance, chief, race. The literary dramatization succeeds in restoring their "primitive innocence" to these ideological signs. Nature has its laws, and its raw beauty is anterior to any moral judgment. "Man's struggle against a hostile environment: such is life."2 It is from this endless yet finally blessed struggle that civilization evolves. In a genre like this, where destruction and survival are constantly intermingled, the quest for racial superiority is the major imperative. The story oscillates between two thematic poles: its displays the beauty of instinct, but implies the necessity of progress; it can evoke without any restraints rape, murder, cannibalism, laughter in the face of death, etc., although the uncanniness of such scenes provides an ambiguous estrangement. The obsession of "atavistic memory" reminds us of the fact that the simian brute still survives in each of us. This kind of discourse thus tries to awaken in the reader the fear of the alien, the instinct of ethnic safety, the dangers of miscegenation; but these regressive elements are compensated for by a claim for technical and moral progress, precisely as bourgeois optimism had conceived it.

Beyond these themes supposedly borrowed from positive science, ape-man tales may reactivate a number of archetypes, such as the myth of the ape as grotesque "reflection" of man, which runs through Western ape-lore practically from Antiquity3; or the myth of the Noble Savage juxtaposed, more or less, to the image of antediluvian man.

In this brief introduction we cannot elaborate on the full significance of "intertextual analysis," on its principles, or on its possible results as far as prehistoric fiction is concerned. The present bibliography, however, is part of a systematic inquiry into the emergence of human palaeontology on the one hand, and into the history of prehistoric fiction and anthropological SF on the other.4

As an attempt at an international compilation of works belonging to the genre, the following catalogue is divided into three parts: (1) an alphabetical (by author) list of prehistoric tales, strictly speaking, marked as (PR) at the end of every entry. We have included in this first section prehistoric lost world tales, identified as (LW). Every entry contains: a bibliographical description of the first edition; occasionally, data on a previous publication in a periodical: and information about the English translations of foreign texts; (2) a chronological listing of the same titles; and (3) an appended bibliography of related genres and narrative formulae: tales featuring simian societies, hominized apes, simianized men, "Darwinian" experiments. and so on.

Not recorded are: (1) popularizations of science, even if they include some narrative passages; (2) fiction based on axioms that are totally alien to human palaeontology, such as crypto-religious tales about the Garden of Eden or parascientific speculations about the extra-terrestrial origin of mankind; (3) all other forms of the lost-world subgenre, such as fiction about the engulfed Atlantis or pre-Columbian America. By the same token, hollow-earth narratives are included only if they contain stories of missing-link fossils living in the centre of the earth; (4) proto-historic romances (in which Bronze Age civilizations, Celts, Assyrians, etc. figure) or barbaric uchronias of heroic fantasy such as Howard's Conan sagas; (5) post-catastrophe tales with a relapse to primitive modes of existence; and (6) pseudo-evolutionist anticipations of beings that are to supersede Homo sapiens.




1. Main Corpus

Abbott, Charles T. The Cliff Dweller's Daughter; or, How He Loved Her. An Indian Romance of Prehistoric Times. NY & London: Neely, 1899, 299pp. (PR)

Achermann, Franz Heinrich. Auf der Fahrte des Höhlenlöwen. Olten: O. Walter, 1918. 238pp.(PR)

______. Dämonentänzer der Urzeit. Roman aus der Wildnissen der 2. Eisenzeit. Olten: O. Walter, 1933. 240pp. (PR)

______. Die Jäger von Thursee. Olten: O. Walter, 1920. 299pp. (PR)

______. Kanibalen der Eiszeit. Olten: O. Walter, 1924. 200pp. (PR)

______. Der Schass der Pfahlbauers. Olten: O. Walter, 1918. 238pp. (PR)

______. Der Totenrufer von Halodin. Olten: O. Walter, 1928. 541 pp. (PR)

Anet, Claude (pseud. of Schopfer, Jean). La Fin d'un Monde. Paris: Grasset, 1925. 274pp. (PR) [= The End of a World. NY & London: A. Knopf, 1927.]

Atkinson, Mary Jourdan. When the World was Young. San Antonio, TX: Naylor, 1957. n.p. (PR, juvenile)

Austin, Frederick Britten. Tomorrow. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1930. xi + 395pp. (PR)

______. When Mankind was Young. NY: Doubleday, 1927. 282pp. (PR, collection of short stories)

Barbusse, Henri. Les Enchaînements. Paris: Flamrnarion, 1925. 2 vols. (PR. partim) [= Chains. London: Cape, 1925: also NY: International Publishers. 1925.2 vols.]

Beck, Christopher. The People of the Chasm. London: Pearson, 1914. 256pp. (LW)

Begouën, Max. Les Bisons d'argile. Paris: Fayard,1925. 253pp. (PR) [=Bisons of Clay. NY & London: Longmans, Green, 1926. 252pp.]

______. Quand le Mammouth ressuscita. Paris: Hachette, 1928. 167pp. (LW, juvenile; Jules Verne Award, 1928)

Bence, Williarn. People of the Bison. NY: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1966. 186pp. (PR)

Bennet. Robert Ames. Thyra. A Romance of the Polar Pit. NY: Henry Holt, 1901. 258pp. (LW)

Berthet, Elie. Romans préhistoriques: le monde inconnu. Paris: Dentu, 1876. 432pp. (PR: republ. 1885 under the title Paris avant l'histoire) [=The Pre-historic World. Philadelphia: Porter & Comes, 1879. 310pp.]

Berthoud, Samuel-H. "Les Premiers habitants de Paris," L'Homme depuis cinq mille ans. Paris: Garnier, 1865. 546pp. (PR)

Bessette, Gerard. Les Anthropoïdes. Montréal: La Presse, 1977. 297pp. (PR)

Bierbower, Austin. From Monkev to Man or, Society in the Tertiarv Age. A Story of the Missing Link, showing the First Steps in Industry... Chicago: Dibble Pub. Co., 1894. 231 pp. (PR) [rpt. Chicago: Ingersoll, Beacon Co., 1906.]

Blue Wolf (pseud. of Scott, Robert.) Dwifa's Curse. A Tate of the Stone Age. London: R. Scott, 1921. 253pp. (PR)

Blunck, Hans Friedrich. Gewalt über das Feuer. Jena: Diederichs, 1933. 363pp. (PR: part of a collection of novels, listed below, under the collective title Die Urvätersaga)

______. Kampf der Gestirne. Jena: Diederichs, 1926. 273pp. (PR)

______. Streit mit den Göttern. Jena: Diederichs, 1926. 283pp. (PR)

______. Die Urvätersaga. Romantrilogie, [preceded by] Rechtfertigung vor Freunden. Berlin: Deutsche Buchgemeinschaft, 1933. 401pp. [Also: Hamburg: Hanseatische Verlagsanstalt, 1937, 419pp.] I

______. Werdendes Volk. Munich: Langen/Müller, 19_34. 563pp. (PR)

Boex, J.-H. see Rosny, J.-H.

Bogoraz, Vladimir Germanovich. Zhertvy drakona. Leningrad: Soykin, 1927. 160pp. (PR) [= tr. under the name of Bogoras, Waldemar (!) Sons of the Mammoth. NY: Cosmopolitan. 1929. 254pp.]

Boitard, Pierre (1789-1859). Etudes antédiluviennes — Paris avant les hommes. L'homme fossile. Etc. Paris: Passard, 1861. 494pp. (PR: posthumous work)

Bridges, T.C. Men of the Mist. Philadelphia: McKay (London: Harrap), 1923. 252pp. (LW)

Browne, Howard.The Return of Tharn. Providence, RI: Grandon & Co., 1956. (PR) [1st publ. in Amazing Stories, Oct. 1948. pp.40 ff.]

______. Warrior of the Dawn. The Adventures of Tharn. Chicago: Reilly & Lee, 1943. 286pp. (PR) [1st publ. in Amazing Stories, Dec. 1942. pp. 8 ff.]

Bruller, Jean: see Vercors

Burr, Harford Montrose. Cave Boys. NY: Association Press, 1923. 200pp. (PR, juvenile)

Burroughs, Edgar Rice. Back to the Stone Age. Tarzana, CA: E.R. Burroughs Inc.. 1937. 318pp. (LW) [in magazine. 1935, under the title Seven Worlds to Conquer.]

______. The Cave Girl. Chicago: McClurg, 1925. 323pp. (LW) [publ. in magazine: 1913.]

______. The Eternal Lover. Chicago: McClurg, 1925. 316pp. (PR) [publ. in magazine: 1913.]

______. The Land that Time Forgot. Chicago: McClurg, 1924. 422pp. (LW)

______. Tarzan the Terrible. NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 1919. 305pp. (LW)

Calvino, Italo. Le Cosmicomiche. Torino: Einaudi, 1966. 184p. (PR, partim) [=Cosmicomics. NY: Harcourt. Brace and World, 1968. 153pp.]

Casteret, Norbert. Dans la nuit des temps. Paris: Perrin, 1966. 249pp. (PR)

______. Muta, fille des cavernes. Paris: Perrin, 1965. 254pp. (PR)

Champagne, Maurice. La Cité des premiers hommes. Paris: Tallandier, 1929. 126pp. (LW) [revised version: Marcinelle: Dupuis, 1949.]

Chéret: see Lecureux and Chéret

Chester, William L. Hawk of the Wilderness. NY: Harper, 1936. (Tarzania, incl. some prehistoric data) [1st publ. Blue Book Magazine, Oct. 1935; followed by: Kioga of the Wilderness. One against the Wilderness. Kioga of the Unknown Land (1938).]

Christopher, John. Dom and Va. NY: Macmillan, 1973. 154pp. (PR)

Coblentz, Stanton Arthur. The Wonder Stick. NY: Cosmopolitan. 1929. 309pp. (PR)

Coffman, Ramon. Uncle Ray's Story of the Stone-Age People. Chicago: Rand McNally. 1936. 64pp. agenda (PR, juvenile)

Cornwall, Ian Wolfram. Hunter's Half-Moon. NY: Coward-McCann, 1967. 158pp. (PR)

Costello, Frederick Hankerson. Sure-Dart. Chicago: McClurg, 1909. 320pp. (PR)

Crompton, Anne Eliot. The Sorcerer. Boston: Little, Brown, 1971. 175pp. (PR)

Crowell, Pers. King Moo, the Wordmaker, Caldwell, ID: Caxton, 1976. 47pp. (PR)

Crump, Irving. Og. Boy of Battle. NY: Dodd, Mead, 1925, 289pp. (PR, juvenile)

______. Og of the Cave People. NY: Dodd, Mead, 1935, 232pp. (PR, juvenile)

______. Og, Son of Fire. NY: Dodd, Mead, 1922, 198pp. (PR, juvenile).

Curwen, Henry. Zit and Xoe. Their Early Experiences. Edinburgh: William Blackwood & Sons, 1887. 131 pp. (PR) [also: NY: Harper, 1889.]

Dail, C.C. Willmoth the Wanderer, or: The Man from Saturn. Atchinson, KA: Haskill Printing Co., 1890. 242pp. (PR partim)

Deamer, Dulcie. As It Was in the Beginning. Melbourne: Wilnot, 1929. 64pp. (PR)

De Mille, James. A Strange Manuscript found in a Copper Cylinder. London & NY: Harper, 1888. 291 pp. (LW) [written in 1879 or before.]

Del Rey, Lester. "The Day is Done," Astounding Science Fiction, May 1939, pp. 39 ff. (PR) [rpt. in Damon Knight, ed. Science Fiction of the 30's. NY: Avon, 1975.]

Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan. The Lost World. London: J. Murray, 1912. 319pp. (LW)

Dundee, Douglas. Cave Boy Erek. NY: Champion Library, 1935. 63pp. (PR, juvenile) [Also: London: Amalgamated Press, 1935.]

Eldridge, Paul: see Viereck, George.

Eldridge, William T. "The Monkey-Man," The All-Story Magazine, Sept. 1910-Jan. 1911. (LW)

Fawcett, Edward Douglas. Swallowed by an Earthquake. London: E. Arnold, 1894. vi + 235pp. (LW)

Fellowes, Edward Colton. Stories of the Stone Age. A Boy's Life in 16,000 B. C. Boston: Small, Maynard, & Co., 1925. 170pp. (PR, juvenile)

Feugeas, Madeleine. Ans, fils des ancêtres moustériens. Meyrignac: l'auteur, 1968. 35pp. (PR)

Fidler, Kathleen. The Boy with the Bronze Axe. Harmondsworth/Baltimore: Penguin, 1972. 155pp. (PR)

Fisher, Vardis A. (1895-1968). Adam and the Serpent. NY: Vanguard, 1947. 335pp. (PR)

______. Darkness and the Deep. NY: Vanguard, 1943. 296pp. (PR)

______. Intimations of Eve. NY: Vanguard, 1946. 331 pp. (PR)

______. The Golden Rooms. NY: Vanguard, 1944. 324pp. (PR)

Fiske, Wilbur W. Bo, the Cave Boy. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1941. vii + 249pp. (PR, juvenile)

Forbin, Victor. Les Fiancés du soleil. Paris: Lemerre, 1923. 262pp. (PR)

Foster, George C. Full Fathom Five. London: Herbert Jenkins, 1930. 320pp. (PR + science fantasy)

Garis, Howard R. Tam of the Fire Cave. NY: Appleton, 1927. 257pp. (PR, juvenile)

Geren, Carl. Shell Hunter. Chicago: Children's Press, 1977. 47pp. (PR, juvenile)

Glanville, Ernest. Tyopa. A Bush Romance. London: Methuen, 1920. 247pp. (LW)

Goemaere, Pierre. Le Pélerin du soleil. Paris: Albin-Michel, 1927. 253pp. (PR)

Golding, William Gerald. "Clonk Clonk," The Scorpion God. London: Faber & Faber, 1971. 178pp. [Also: NY: Harcourt. Brace, Jovanovich, 1972. 178pp.]

______. The Inheritors. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World/London: Faber & Faber, 1955. 233pp. (PR)

Gourmelin: see Klotz, Claude.

Gratacap, Louis Pope. A Woman of the Ice Age. NY: Brentano's, 1906. 230pp. (PR)

Gregory, Jackson. Ru, the Conqueror. NY & London: Scribner, 1933. 289pp. (PR)

Gros, Jules. L'Homme fossile. Aventures d'une expedition scientifique dans les mers australes. Paris: Flammarion, 1892. 256pp. (LW)

Hagemans, Gustave. Le Poignard de silex. Etude de moeurs préhistoriques. Brussels: Manceaux, 1889. x + 74pp. (PR)

Haggard, Sir Henry Rider. Allan and the Ice Gods. A Tale of Beginnings. London: Hutchison, 1927. ix + 287 + 16pp. (LW) [Also: Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page, 1927. 316pp. )

______. Heu-heu: or, The Monster. London: Hutchison, 1923.11 + 286pp. (LW) [Also: Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page, 1924. 265pp.]

Haraucourt, Edmond. Les Âges. Daâh, le premier homme. Paris: Flammarion, 1914. 319pp. (PR)

______. Le Gorilloïde. Paris: La Raison, 1906. in-12 n.p. (PR)

Harnishfeger, Lloyd. Hunter of the Black Swamp. Minneapolis: Lesner, 1970. 93pp. (PR)

Helps, Arthur. Realmah. London: Macmillan, 1868. 2 vols. (PR) [Also: Boston, 1869]

Herrman, Louis. In the Sealed Cave. Being a Modern Commentary on a Strange Discovery made by Captain Lemuel Gulliver. NY: Appleton-Century Co., 1935. 226pp. (LW )

Hervilly, Ernest d'. Aventures d'un petit garcon préhistorique en France. n.p.: n.p., n.d. (1887) 269pp. (PR, juvenile)

Hilliers, Ashton. The Master-Girl. A Romance. NY & London: Putnam's Sons, 1910. 245p. (PR)

Hutchins, Ross E. Tonka, the Cave Boy. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1973. 63pp. (PR. juvenile)

Jensen, Johannes V. Den Lange rejse (I. Det Tabte land, II. Broen). Copenhagen: Nordisk forlag, 1909-1919.2 vols. I= The Long Journey. Toronto: Macmillan, 1922. Also: The Long Journey. Fire and Ice. NY: A Knopf. 1945.1 (Jensen's prehistoric romances are part of a narrative cycle including Nornegaest [1919]. Cimbrernes Tog [1922]. Skibet [1912], and Kolombus [1921].)

______. Nornegaest. Copenhagen: Gyldendal, 1919. iv + 319pp. (PR) [trans. in The Cimbrians. NY: Knopf, 1923. 340pp.]

Kensett, Percy F. The Amulet of Tarv. London: E.J. Burrow, 1925. 268pp. (PR)

Kinder, Stephen. The Sabertooth. A Romance of Put-In Bay. Chicago: Laird & Lee, 1902. 270pp. (PR)

Klotz, Claude and Jean Gourmelin, Les Innommables, roman préhistorique. Paris: J'ai lu. 1979. 211 pp. (PR) [1st version: Paris: Balland, 1977]

Knight-Adkin, J. H. The Woman-Stealers. London: Isbiter. 1905. 213pp. (PR)

Knowlton, J.A. [or A.J.]. Origin. Boston: Eastern Publishing, 1900. 339pp. (PR)

Kotzwinkle, William. Elephant Boy. NY: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1970. 43pp. (PR, juvenile)

Kummer, Frederic Arnold. The First Days of Man as Narrated Quite Simply for Young Readers. NY: Doran, 1922. xvi + 293pp. (PR) [First volume of The Earth's Story.]

Lacaze-Duthiers, Gerard de. Mauer, film. Paris: Ecrivains indépendants, Bibliothèque de l'aristocratie, 1935-1937. A series of booklets totalling 1,783pp. (PR)

L'Andelyn, Charles de. Nara le conquérant. Geneva: Attinger, 1937. 192pp. (PR)

Lang, Andrew. "The Romance of the First Radical," The Wrong Paradise and Other Stories. London: Kegan, Paul, Trench, 1886. 316pp. [also NY, 1887]

Langford, George. Kutnar. Son of Pic. NY: Boni & Liveright, 1921. 221pp. (PR)

______. Pic, the Weapon-Maker. NY: Boni & Liveright, 1920. 270pp. (PR)

______. Senrac, the Lion Man: Adventures of a Boy in the Stone Age. NY: Liveright, 1954. 216pp. (PR, juvenile)

Larigaudie, Guy de. Yug. Paris: J. de Gigord, 1934. x + 178pp. (PR)

______. Yug en terres inconnues. Paris: J. de Gigorg, 1938. 191 pp. (PR)

Lecureux [and] Chéret. Rahan. Paris: Editions Vaillant, 1969. (PR, comic strip)

Levêque. Au cours des ages. Livre 1: les Ages chaotiques. Pref. by Camille Lemonnier. Paris: La Plume, 1903. viii + 199pp. (PR, epic in verse)

Lewis, Roy. What We did to Father. London: Hutchison, 1960. 165pp. (PR, satirical) [republ. as The Evolution Man. Baltimore: Penguin, 1963. 122pp.]

Locke, William, J. "The Song of Oo-Oo," Stories Near and Far. NY: Dodd, Mead, 1927. 253p. (PR, satirical) [Also: London: Lane, 1927]

London, Jack. Before Adam. NY: Macmillan, 1906. 215pp. (PR)

______. "The Strength of the Strong," The Strength of the Strong. NY: Macmillan 1908. 257pp. [Also in: Moon-face and other Stories, 1919 and after (not in 1906 version), and in several editions of The Call of the Wild, from 1926 on.]

______. "When the World was Young," c. 1910 [in collections of short stories by diverse titles, notably The Night-Born. NY: Century Co., 1913. 290pp. Also: NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 1913.]

Marcy, Mary E. Stories of the Cave People. Chicago: C.H. Kerr, 1917. 168pp. (PR)

Marshall, Edison. Dian of the Lost Land. NY: H.C. Kinsey / London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1935. 229pp. (PR)

______. Ogden's Strange Story. NY: H.C. Kinsey. 1934. 293pp. (PR)

Max, Paul. Volcar le terrible. Paris: Figuière, 1913. 324pp. (PR)

McCord, Peter B. Wolf` The Memoirs of a Cave-Dweller. NY: Dodge, 1908. 132pp. (PR)

McIntyre, Margaret A. The Cave Boy of the Age of Stone. NY: Appleton, 1907. 131pp. (PR, juvenile)

Meunier, Madame S. Misère et grandeur de l'inhumanité primitive. Paris: Picard, 1893. 292pp. (PR)

Mighels, Philip Verrill. The Crystal Sceptre. NY: R.F. Fenno, 1901. 389pp. (LW)

Mitchell, J. Leslie. Three Go Back. London: Jarrolds, 1932. 254pp. (PR + time travel)

Moffitt, Virginia May. Great Horse. A Forest Pony of Long Ago. Chicago & Philadelphia: John C. Winston, 1938. xi + 179pp. (PR, juvenile)

Montbarlet, L'Age antéhistorique. Bergerac: n.p., 1867. (PR, narrative poetry)

Morris, Gouverneur. The Pagan's Progress. NY: Barnes, 1904. 258pp. (PR)

Moynet, Georges. "Le Tueur de Mammouth," Journal des voyages, 2nd series, no. 418: Dec. 1904. (PR)

Mysor, Fernand. Les Semeurs d'épouvante. Roman des temps jurassiques. Paris: Grasset, 1923. 255pp. (PR + time travel)

______. Va'hour l'illuminé. Paris: Baudinière, 1925. 254pp. (PR)

Nyst, Ray. La Forêt nuptiale. Brussels: G. Balat, 1900. 259pp. (PR)

______. Notre Père des bois. Brussels: G. Balat, 1899. 194pp. (PR)

______. La Caverne. Histoire pittoresque dune famille humaine de 29 personnes, filles et garçons, petits et grands, à l'epoque des luxuriantes forêts tertiaires et des saisons clémentes dans l'Europe centrale. Brussels: 1'auteur / Paris: Baillière & fils / London: David Nutt / Leipzig: Twietmeyer / Milan: Treves frères / Amsterdam: Nilsson & Lamm / Christiana: Aschehoug & Cie, 1909. xii + 445pp. (PR)

Obruchev, Vladimir Afanas'evich. Zemlia Sannikova. Moscow: ONTI, 1925. 315pp. (LW) [=Sannikov Land. Moscow: FLPH. 1955, or Sannikov's Land. London: Harrap, 1968.]

_____. Plutoniia. Moscow: ONTI, 1924. 318pp. (LW) [=Plutonia. Moscow: FLPH, 1957 and London: Lawrence & Wishart. 1957.]

Oliver, Chad [Symmes Chadwick]. Mists of Dawn. Philadelphia: Winston, 1952. 208pp. (PR)

Perkins, Lucy Fitch. The Cave Twins. Boston & NY: Houghton, Mifflin, 1916. 162pp. (PR)

Peyramaure, Michel. La Vallée des mammouths. Paris: Laffont, 1966. 255pp. (PR)

_____. La Fille des grandes plaines. Paris: Laffont. 1963. 381 pp. (PR)

Proumen, Henri-Jacques. Aubes cruelles, poèmes sur les temps préhistoriques. Brussels: La Renaissance du Livre, 1942. 75pp. (PR, narrative poetry)

_____. Eve, proie des hommes, roman de la femme préhistorique. Brussels & Paris: Labor. 1934. 235pp. (PR)

Roberts, Charles G.D. In the Morning of Time. NY: Stokes, 1899. 311pp. (PR)

Roberts, David. The Spear Thrower. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1972. 38pp. (PR, juvenile)

Roberts, Morley. "The Arrow-Maker," Strong Men and True. London: Downey & Co.. 1897. 228pp. (PR)

Roberts, Theodore Goodridge. The Red Feather: A Story of Remarkable Adventures when the World was Young. Boston: L.C. Page, 1907. 325pp. (PR)

Robinson, Charles H. Longhead: The Story of the First Fire. Boston: L.C. Page, 1913. 127pp. (PR)

Robinson, Phil. "The Hunting of the Soko." Under the Punkah. London: Sampson, Low, Marston, Searle, & Rivington, 1881. 255pp. (PR)

Roger, Noëlle (pseud. of Hélène Pittard). La Vallée perdue. Paris: L'Illustration, 1939. 83pp. (LW)

Rolt-Wheeler, Francis W. The Finder of Fire. NY: Appleton, 1927. 272pp. (PR)

_____. The Tamer of Herds. NY: Appleton, 1928. 241 pp. (PR)

Rosny, J.-H. (pseud. of J. and H. Boex; in fact prehistoric romances were written by. J.-H. Rosny the Elder alone). Elem d'Asie. Idylle des temps primitifs. Paris: Borel & Guillaume, 1896. 213pp. (PR)

Rosny, J.-H. [the Elder]. L'Etonnant voyage de Hareton Ironcastle. Paris: J. Ferenczi, 1919, 187pp. (LW)

_____. Eyrimah. Paris: Plon, 1896. 284pp. (PR)

_____. Le Félin géant. Paris: Plon, 1920. 282 p. (PR) [=The Giant Cat. NY: McBride & Co., 1924. ix + 242pp. Retitled Quest of the Dawn Man. NY: Ace. 1964. 156pp.] I

_____. La Guerre du feu. Paris: Fasquelle, 1911. 330 p. (PR) [1st publ. in Je Sais Tout, July-Oct. 1909=The Quest for Fire. NY: Pantheon, 1967. 193pp.

_____. Helgvor du fleuve bleu. Paris: Cent centraux bibliophiles, 1930. 223 p. (PR) [Also: Paris: Flammarion, 1931]

_____. Les Hommes-sangliers [in a collection of stories by several hands]. Paris: Portique, 1929. [55pp.] (PR)

_____. Nomaï amours lacustres. Paris: Borel, 1897. 88pp. (PR)

_____. Nymphée. Paris: S.F.I.L.. 1909. 332pp. (LW)

_____. Le Tresor dans la brousse. Paris: Tallandier. 1931. 221 pp. (LW)

_____. Le Tresor dans la neige. Paris: Flammarion & Nilsson, n.d. (1922?) 62pp. (LW)

_____. Vamireh, roman des temps primitifs. Paris: Kolb, 1892. 261pp. (PR)

_____. Les Xipéhuz. Paris: Savine, 1888. 84pp. (PR) ["edition definitive": Paris: Mercure de France, 1910. 218pp.] [="The Shapes," Magazine of Fantasy and SF. March 1968, pp.91ff.]

Ryner, Han. (pseud of Henri Ner). "L'Homme-singe," Contes. Paris: Editions du Pavilion, 1967. pp. 89-103. (PR) [originally publ. in unknown magazine in 1894.]

Saint-Moore, Adam. La Marche au soleil. Paris: Fleuve noir, 1965. 384pp. (PR) [P. Versins, Encyclopédie .... suggests that there might be a sequel.]

Schütz, Heinrich. Der sterbende Gletscher. Vergehen and Werden zu Ende der Eiszeit. Leipzig: Haberland, 1928. 203pp. (PR) [=When Mammoths Roamed the Frozen Earth. NY: Cape & Smith, 1929. 197pp.]

Servant, Stéphane. "Morphé-Anthropos (les Préhumains)," La Revue intellectuelle. 1906-1907. (PR)

Sherring, Herbert. "The Cave Dwellers," Gopi. London: Methuen, 1911. 386pp. (PR)

Storch, Edouard. Lovci Mamutu. Roman z praveku. Prague: Stàtni nakl., 1957. 310pp. (PR) [tr. in French=Les Chasseurs de mammouths. Paris: La Farandole, 1957. 245pp.]

Sullivan, Alan. In the Beginning. NY: Dutton / London: Hurst, 1926. 280pp. (LW)

Tan-Bogoraz: see Bogoraz

Tooker, Richard. The Dawn Boy. Philadelphia: Penn Publ. Co., 1932. 284pp. (PR, juvenile)

_____. Inland Deep. Philadelphia: Penn, 1936. 267pp. (LW)

_____. The Day of the Brown Horde. NY: Payson & Clarke, 1929. 309pp. (PR)

Trotet de Bargis, René. La Mission des quatre savants. Paris: Ferenczi, 1925. 96pp. (LW )

Turnbull, Ann. The Wolf King. NY: Seabury, 1976 (c. 1975). 141pp. (PR)

Uniacke, T.I. The Living Wheel. Drama in Five Parts. London: Welby, 1903. 234pp. (PR)

Vercors (pseud. of Bruller, Jean). Les Animaux denatures. Paris: Albin-Michel, 1952. 327 p. (LW) [=You Shall Know Them. Boston: Little. Brown, 1953. 249pp.

______. Zoo. comédie judiciaire, zoologique et morale. Paris: I'Avant-scène, 1963. 46pp. (LW)

Verne, Jules. Le Village aérien. Paris: Hetzel. 1902. 234pp. (LW) [=The Village in the Treetops. NY, 1964]

_____. Voyage au centre de la Terre. Paris: Hetzel, 1864. 2 + 335pp. (LW, partim) [=A Journev to the Centre of the Earth. NY: Scribner-Armstrong, 1874.]

Viereck, George S. and Paul Eldridge. The Invincible Adam. London: Duckworth, 1932. 413pp./NY: Liveright, 1932. vii + xii + 451pp. (PR)

Wahl, Jan. Mooga Mega Mekki. Chicago: O'Hara, 1974. 45pp. (PR, juvenile)

Walsh, Jill Paton. Toolmaker. NY: Seabury, 1974 (c. 1973). 45pp. (PR)

Waterloo, Stanley. "Christmas 200,000 B.C.," The Wolf's Long Howl. Chicago & NY: H.S. Stone & Co., 1899. 288pp. (PR)

_____. A Son of the Ages. The Reincarnations and Adventures of Scar, the Link. A Storv of Man from the Beginning. London: Curtis Brown / NY: Doubleday. 1914. xii + 334pp. (PR)

_____. The Storv of Ab. A Tale of the Time of the Cave Man. Chicago: Way & Williams, 1897. 351 p. (PR) [Also: London: Black, 1897. xi + 363pp.]

Webster, J. Provand. The Oracle of Baal. A Narrative of Some Curious Events in the Life of Professor Horation Carmichael. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1896. viii + 374 p. (LW) [Also: London: Hutchinson, 1896]

Wells, Herbert George. "The Grisley Folk," The Short Stories of H.G. Wells. London: Bern, 1927. (PR) [originally in Storyteller Magazine, April 1921]

______. "A Story of the Stone Age," Tales of Space and Time. London: Harper, 19(x). 358pp. (PR)

Whitnall, Harold Orville. Hunter of the Caverns. NY: Crowell, 1939. 119pp. (PR) [See also a Palaeontological Romance: A Parable of Ancient Animals. NY: Crowell, 1936. 135pp.]

Widnall, Samuel Page. A Mystery of Sixty Centuries, or: A Modern St George and the Dragon. Cambridge, UK: The Author, 1889. 195pp. (LW)

Williams, Henri Lionel. Turi of the Magic Fingers. NY: Viking Press. 1939. 172pp. (PR)

Wingrave, A. (alias S.F. Wright). Vengeance of Gwa. London: Thornton Butterworth. 1935. 280pp. (PR)

Wright, Sydney Fowler. Dream or, The Simian Maid. London: G.G. Harrap. 1933. 251pp. (PR)


II. Chronology of Main Corpus

[Data are here reduced to: date, NAME, Key-word of title (Language)]

1861BOITARD, Etude, (French)
1864VERNE, Voyage (French)
1865BERTHOUD, Premiers (French)
1867MONTBARLET, Age (French)
1868HELPS, Realmah (English)
1876BERTHET, Romans (French)
1881ROBINSON, Hunting (English)
1886LANG, Romance (English)
1887HERVILLY, Aventures (French)
 CURWEN, Zit (English)
1888ROSNY, Xipéhuz (French)
 DE MILLE, Strange (English)
1889WIDNALL, Mystery (English)
 HAGEMANS, Poignard (French)
1890DAIL, Willmoth (English)
1892GROS, Homme (French)
 ROSNY, Vamireh (French)
1893MEUNIER, Misère (French)
1894BIERBOWER, Monkey (English)
 FAWCETT, Swallowed (English)
 RYNER, Homme-singe (French)
1895ROSNY, Nomaï (French)
1896ROSNY, Elem (French)
 ROSNY, Eyrimah (French)
 WEBSTER, Oracle (English)
1897ROBERTS, Arrow (English)
 WATERLOO, Story (English)
1899ABBOTT, Cliff (English)
 NYST, Notre Père (French)
 ROBERTS, Morning (English)
 WATERLOO, Christmas (English)
 WELLS, Story (English)
1900KNOWLTON, Origin (English)
 NYST, Forêt (French)
1901BENNET, Thyra (English)
 MIGHELS, Sceptre (English)
1902VERNE, Village (French)
 KINDER, Sabertooth (English)
1903LEVEQUE, Au cours (French)
1904MORRIS, Pagan (English)
 MOYNET, Tueur (French)
1905KNIGHT, Woman-Stealer (English)
1906GRATACAP, Woman (English)
 HARAUCOURT, Gorilloïde (French)
 LONDON, Before (English)
 SERVANT, Morphé-anthropos (French)
1907McINTYRE, Cave Boy (English)
 ROBERTS, Feather (English)
1908McCORD, Wolf (English)
1909COSTELLO, Sure-Dart (English)
 JENSEN, Lange rejse (Danish)
 NYST, Caverne (French)
 ROSNY, Nymphée (French)
1910ELDRIDGE, Monkey (English)
 HILLIERS, Master-girl (English)
 LONDON, When (English)
1911LONDON, Strength (English)
 ROSNY, Guerre (French)
 SHERRING, Cave (English)
1912DOYLE, Lost (English)
1913BURROUGHS, Eternal (English)
 MAX, Volcar (French)
 ROBINSON, Story (English)
1914BECK, People (English)
 HARAUCOURT, Daâh (French)
 WATERLOO, Son (English)
1916PERKINS, Cave (English)
1917MARCY, Stories (English)
1918ACHERMANN, Fährte (German)
 ACHERMANN, Schass (German)
1919BURROUGHS, Tarzan the T. (English)
 JENSEN, Nornegaest (Danish)
1920ACHERMANN, Jäger (German)
 GLANVILLE, Tyopa (English)
 LANGFORD, Pic (English)
 ROSNY, Félin (French)
1921BLUE WOLF, Dwifa (English)
 LANGFORD, Kutnar (English)
1922CRUMP, Og (English)
 KUMMER, First Days (English)
 ROSNY, Trésor (French)
1923BRIDGES, Men (English)
 BURR, Cave (English)
 FORBIN, Fiancés (French)
 MYSOR, Semeur (French)
1924ACHERMANN, Kanibalen (German)
 BURROUGHS, Land (English)
 HAGGARD, Heu-heu (English)
 MYSOR, Va'hour (French)
 OBRUCHEV, Plutonija (Russian)
1925ANET, Fin (French)
 BARBUSSE, Enchainements (French)
 BEGOUËN, Bisons (French)
 BURROUGHS, Cave (English)
 CRUMP, Og, Boy (English)
 FELLOWES, Stories (English)
 KENSETT, Amulet (English)
 OBRUCHEV, Zendija (Russian)
 TROTET, Mission (French)
1926BLUNCK, Kampf (German)
 BLUNCK, Streit (German)
1927AUSTIN, When (English)
 BOGORAZ, Zhertvy (Russian)
 GARIS, Tam (English)
 GOEMAERE, Pélerin (French)
 HAGGARD, Allan (English)
 LOCKE, Song (English)
 ROLT, Finder (English)
 SULLIVAN, Beginning (English)
 WELLS, Grisley (English)
1928ACHERMANN, Totenrufer (German)
 BEGOUEN, Mammouth (French)
 BLUNCK, Gewalt (German)
 ROLT, Tamer (English)
1929CHAMPAGNE, Cité (French)
 COBLENTZ, Wonder (English)
 DEAMER, As it Was (English)
 ROSNY, Hommes-sangliers (French)
 TOOKER, Day (English)
1930AUSTIN, Tomorrow (English)
 FOSTER, Full (English)
 ROSNY, Helgvor (French)
1931ROSNY, Trésor (French)
 WRIGHT, Dream (English)
1932MITCHELL, Three (English)
 TOOKER, Dawn (English)
 VIERECK, Adam (English)
1933ACHERMANN, Dämonentänzer (German)
 BLUNCK, Urvätersaga (German)
 GREGORY, Ru (English)
1934BLUNCK, Werdendes (German)
 MARSHALL, Ogden (English)
 PROUMEN, Eve (French)
1935BURROUGHS, Back (English)
 CRUMP, Og of the Cave (English)
 DUNDEE, Cave-Boy (English)
 HERRMAN, Sealed Cave (English)
 LACAZE-DUTHIERS, Mauer (French)
 MARSHALL, Dian (English)
 WINGRAVE, Vengeance (English)
1936CHESTER, Hawk (English)
 COFFMAN, Uncle (English)
 TOOKER, Inland (English)
1937LANDELYN, Nara (French)
1938MOFFITT, Great Horse (English)
1939DEL RAY, Day (English)
 WHITNALL, Hunter (English)
 WILLIAMS, Turi (English)
1941FISKE, Bo (English)
1942PROUMEN, Aubes (French)
1943BROWNE, Warrior (English)
 FISHER, Darkness (English)
1944FISHER, Golden (English)
1946FISCHER, Intimation (English)
1947FISHER, Adam (English)
1952OLIVER, Mists (English)
 VERCORS, Animaux (French)
1956BROWNE, Return (English)
1957STORCH, Lovci (Czech)
 ATKINSON, When (English)
1960LEWIS, What (English)
1963VERCORS, Zoo (French)
 PEYRAMAURE, Fille (French)
1965CASTERET, Muta (French)
1966BENCE, People (English)
 CALVINO, Cosmicomiche (Italian)
 CASTERET, Nuit (French)
 PEYRAMAURE, Vallée (French)
1967CORNWALL, Hunter (English)
1968FEUGEAS, Ans (French)
1969LECUREUX, Rahan (French)
1970HARNISHFEGER, Hunter (English)
 KOTZWINKLE, Elephant (English)
1971CROMPTON, Sorcerer (English)
 CROWELL, King (English)
1972FIDLER, Boy (English)
 GOLDING, Clonk (English)
 ROBERTS, Spear (English)
1973CHRISTOPHER, Dom (English)
 HUTCHINS, Tonka (English)
 WALSH, Toolmaker (English)
1974WALSH, Mooga (English)
1975TURNBULL, Wolf (English)
1977GEREN, Shell (English)
 KLOTZ, Innommables (French)
 BESSETTE, Anthropoïdes (French)


III. Contiguous Genres and Narrative Formulas

Agraives, Jean d'. Le Rayon Swastika. Paris: Fayard, 1929. 64pp. (Ape-man)

Aldiss, Brian W. Neanderthal Planet. NY: Avon, 1969. 192pp. (Devolution)

Beliard, Octave. Le Malacanthrope. Paris: [pub?], 1944. (Devolution)

Bell, Eric. T. see Taine, John.

Boulle, Pierre. La Planète des Singes. Paris: Julliard, 196.3. 271pp. (Simian Society, Devolution) [=Monkey Planet. London: Seeker & Warburg, 1964 & Planet of the Apes. NY: Vanguard Press, 1963.]

Boussenard, Louis. Les Secrets de M. Synthèse. Paris: Marpon, 1888. 583pp. ("Darwinian" Experiment) [sequel: Dix Mille ans dans un bloc de glace. Paris: Marpon, 1890. 242pp.]

[Brookfield, Arthur Montagu] Simiocracy. A Fragment of Future History. London: Blackwood, 1884. 186pp. (Humanized Ape)

Brophy, Bridig A. Hackenfeller's Ape. London: Hart-Davis, 1953. 122pp. (Humanized Ape) [Also: NY: Random House, 1954.]

Burroughs, Edgar Rice. Tarzan of the Apes. Chicago: McClurg Co.. 1914. 400pp. (Simian Man) [... and sequels]

Calderon, George. Dwala. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1904. 244pp. (Prehistoric man in modern society)

Champsaur, Felicien. Ouha. roi des Singes. Paris: Fasquelle, 1923. 296pp. (Apeman)

______ . Nora, la guenon devenue femme. Paris: Ferenczi,1929. 288pp. (Humanized Ape; Miscegenation)

Collier, John, His Monkey Wife: or, Married to a Chimp. London: Davies, 1930. 274pp. (Humanized Ape; Miscegenation) [Also: Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1931.]

Compton-Rickett, J. The Quickening of Caliban. A Modern Historv of Evolution. NY: Cassell, 1893. 258pp. ("Darwinian" Experiment)

Cooper, James Fenimore. The Monikins, A Land of Civilized Monkeys. London: Bentley, 1835.3 viols. (Simian Society)

De Camp, Lyon Sprague, and P. Schuyler Miller. Genus Homo. Reading, PA: Fantasy Press, 1950. 225pp. (Devolution) [original version in Super Science Stories. March 1941.]

______. "Living Fossil" Astounding Science Fiction. Feb. 1939. pp.33 ff. (Living Fossil) [rpt. in A Treasury of SF. n.p.: Conklin, 1948]

______. "Throwback," in Leon E. Stover, Apeman, Spaceman. NY: Doubleday, 1968. pp.20-40. (Missing Link)

De Kock, Henri. Les Hommes volants. Paris: Cadot, 1864. 267pp. (Simian Society, partim)

Del Rey, Lester. "The Renegade," in Leon F. Stover, Apeman. Spaceman. NY: Doubleday, 1968. pp.46-62. (Humanized Ape)

Dodillon, Emile. Hémo. Paris: Lemerre. 1886. 339pp. (Humanized Ape)

Foster, Hal [Harold]. The Illustrated Tarzan. NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 1929-1937. (Simian Man; Comic strip)

Gozlan. Léon. Les Emotions de Polydore Marasquin. Paris: Michel-Lévy, 1857. 291pp. (Simian Society) [= The Man Among the Monkeys: or, 90 Days in Apeland. London: Ward, Lock & Co., 1873. 312pp. Also: Monkey Island. London/NY: Warne & Co., 1888. Also: Emotions of P. Marasquin. London: Vizetelly & Co., 1888.

Guzman Y Manrique: see Vaca de Guzman

Hamlin, V.T. Alley Oop. [comic strip] 1934 -. (Living Fossil)

Hauff, Wilhelm (1802-1827). "Der Junge Englander," Sämmtl. Schriften geordnet and mit einem Vorwort versehen. Stuttgart: Brodhag, 1830-1831. (Humanized Ape)

His Royal Highness Mammoth Martinet (pseud.) The Gorilla Origin of Man: or, the Darwin Theory of Development Confirmed from Recent Travels in the New World called Myn-me-ae-nia, or Gossipland. London: Farah, 1871. 168pp. (Simian society. Allegorical satire)

Hoffmann, Oskar (1866-?). MacMilfords Reisen im Universum. Von der Terra zu Luna ausgewählte Schriften. Berlin & Stuttgart, 1827-. (Humanized Ape)

Hoffmann, Oskar (1866-?). MacMilfords Reisen in Universum. Von der Terra zu Luna oder Unter den Seleniten. Roda: Gebr. Vogt, 1902.1 vol. in 10 "Heften." (Interplanetary Fiction + Missing Link)

[Holberg, Baron Ludvig Von.] Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum, nova Telluris theoria. Hafniae & Lipsiae, 1741. 380pp. (Apeman, partim)

Hyne, Charles Cutliffe Wright. The New Eden. London & NY: Longman, Green, 1892. 258pp. ("Darwinian" experiment)

James: see Wentworth-James, Gertie de S.

Kafka, Franz. "Fin Bericht fur eine Akademie," Gesammelte Schriften (Max Brod, ed.) Berlin: Schoken, 1935. vol. 1, pp. 166 ff. (Humanized Ape)

Kaner, Hyman. Ape-Man's Offering. Llandudno: Kaner, 1945. 64pp. (Living Fossil)

Léourier, Christian. Les Montagnes du soleil. Paris: Laffont, 1971. 222pp. (Devolution)

Leroux, Gaston. Balaoo. Paris: Tallandier, n.d. (1911?) 2 vols. in 8°. (Humanized Ape)

Leroux, Gaston (†) and Stanislas-A. Steeman. Le Fils de Balaoo. Paris: Librairie des Champs Elysées, 1937. 247 p. (Humanized Ape)

Magog, H.-G. L'homme qui devint gorille. Paris: Editions cosmopolites, 1930. 251pp. (Simian Man)

Mallock, William Hurrel. The New Paul and Virginia: or, Positivism on an Island. NY: Scribner, Welford & Armstrong, 1878. vi + 141pp. (Parody of Missing-Link Stories) [Also: London: Chatto & Windus, n.d. vii + 144 p.]

The Man among the Monkeys: see Gozlan, Léon.

Martin-Magog, Alder. Man orApe? London: Newnes,1933. 256pp. (Simian Man; plagiarism of Magog, supra)

McKechnie, Neil Kenneth. Heir of All the Ages: The Family Tree of Mr. Smith. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1926. 300pp. (Man's Evolution)

M'Guire, Sean. Beast or Man? London: Palmer, 1930. 285pp. (Missing Link)

Muddock, Joyce E. Preston. The Sunless City with an authentic Account of oï Pithecoïdés... London: White, 1905. 309pp. (Hollow Earth + Apemen)

Peacock, Thomas Love. Melincourt. London: Baldwin, Craddock, & Joy, 1817. 3 vols. (Humanized Ape)

Prentice, Harry. The King of Apeland [other title: Captured by Apes: or, How Philip Garland became King of Apeland] NY: Burt, 1888. 286pp. (Simian Society; plagiarism of Léon Gozlan, 1857; see supra)

Renard, Maurice. "le Brouillard du 26 octobre" (cop. 1913; rpt. in different collections of short stories, notably L'Invitation à la peur. Paris: Belfond, 1970) (Time Travel + Prehist. data)

Robida, Albert. Le Voyage très-extraordinaire de Saturnin Farandoul. Paris: Librairie illustrée, 1879. 810pp. (Apemen, partim)

Rockwood, Roy (pseud of Edward Stratemeyer). Bomba the Jungle Boy. NY: Cupples & Leon, 1928-. 27 vols. (Tarzania) .

Roland, Marcel. Le Presqu'homme. Roman des temps futurs. Paris: Bibliothèque générale d'édition, 1907. 183pp. (Devolution)

______. La Conquête d'Anthar. Paris: Lafitte. 1914. 318pp. (Devolution)

Seaforth (pseud. of G.C. Foster). Cats in the Coffee. London: Herbert Jenkins, 1938. 285pp. (Atavistic Memory)

Seriman, Zaccaria (1708-1784). Viaggi di Enrico Wanton alle Terre incognite australi ed al Paese delle Scimmie. Venice: G. Tagier, 1749. 2 vols. (Simian Society) (Also: Bern, 17641

Sim, Georges (pseud. of Georges Simenon). Le Gorille-roi. Paris: Tallandier, 1929. 224pp. (Human Ape)

Les Songes du Chevalier de la Marmotte. n. pl.: Au Palais de Morphée, 1745. (Simian Society)

Steeman, Stanislas-A.: see Leroux

Stratemeyer, Edward: see Rockwood

Taine, John. (pseud. of E. Temple Bell). The Iron Star. NY: Dutton, 1930. 367pp. (Devolution)

Tita, Stefan. "Die Affenmenschen von Maag. Umgekehrter Darwin," Pariser Zeitung. ? - 1937. (Humanized Apes: Devolution)

Vaca de Guzman y Manrique, Joaquin. Viajes de Enrique Wanton a las tierras incognitas australes y al País de las Monas. Madrid, 1769 (see: Z. Seriman)

Vincent, Harl. "The Menace from Below," Science Wonder Stories, July 1929. pp. 143 ff. (Lost World + Hominization) [followed by: "The Return to Subterranea." ibid., April 1930. pp.992 ff.]

Wallace, E.. M. Cooper and D.W. Lovelace. King Kong. NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 1933. (Human Ape)

Ward, Charles W. and Timothy J. O'Leary. "A Preliminary Investigation of an Early Man Site in the Delaware River Valley."in Leon E. Stover, ed.. Apeman. Spaceman. NY: Doubleday, 1968. pp.238ff. (Parody of Prehistorian's Report)

Wellman, Manly Wade. "Pithecanthropus Rejectus," Astounding Science Fiction. Jan. 1938. pp.68 ff.

Wentworth-James, Gertie de S. Mr Lynke.London: C.W. Daniel Co., 1925. 284pp. (Living Fossil)


IV. Appendix to Sections I and III

[Texts mentioned by some sources, but unlocatable]

Account of a Race of Human Beings with Tails. Melbourne: Mason, 188-. (mentioned by S.L. Larnach.... Australian Fantasy.)

André-Legrand, H. L'île sans amour. [Switzerland:] 1921 (mentioned by Versins. Encyclopédie)

Champsaur, Félicien. Le Dernier homme. Paris [?]: 1886 (Devolution; mentioned by Versins)

Clark Jr., B.M. "The Ape-Man," Weird Tales, No. 1: March 1923.

Johnson, Henry. T. The Ape-Man. London: Modern Publ., 1930 [?]. 220pp.

Jokai, Mòr. Die Geschichte eines untergangenes Welttheiles. Berlin, 1884 (original in Hungarian: mentioned by Nagl, SF in Deutschland)

Kelly, Teague M. Mucca Scob: or, Threads of Prehistoric and Present History, Concatenated. Oakland: The Author, 1885. 144pp. (Title in NUC)

Ogilvy, Arthur James. The Ape-Man of A.J.O. Hobart (Tasmania): Daily Post, 1913 137pp.

Thevenin, Rene. Lancêtre des hommes [?] (mentioned by Versins)

Thomas. Theodore L. "The Doctor"... 1967 (mentioned by Peter Nicholls' Encyclopedia.)

Visscher, Theodor von. Auch einer [?], 1879.

Wailly, G. de. "Une Cité lacustre" [?], 1889.

*This bibliography is part of a research project on prehistory and prehistoric fiction, a project funded by a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Grant No. S.76-1306).

1. Ludwig Gumplowicz. Der Rassenkampf, soziologische Untersuchungen (Innsbrück: Wagner, 1883). p. 261.
2. Félix Le Dantec. Les Influences ancestrales (Paris: Flammarion, 1905), p. 280.
3. H.W. Janson, Apes and Ape Lore in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (London: London UP, 1952). 384pp.
4. We do not know of any encompassing survey of prehistoric fiction or apeman tales, except for the interesting but now outdated study of Regis Messac, "Les Romans de l'homme-singe," Les Primaires, I (1935):324-35 and 2 (1935):402-17, 451-64. See also: Leo J. Henkin, Darwinism in the English Novel. 1860-1910 (NY. 1940: rpt. NY, 1963). passim.