Capital of Kanagawa Prefecture, central Honshû, on Tôkyô Bay. It is the country's largest port. A small fishing port up to the end of the Edo Period (1600-1868), with the signing of the Harris Treaty in 1858, Yokohama was opened to foreign trade. The first railway line in Japan was constructed between Yokohama and Tôkyô in 1872. Industrialization started in the early Taishô Period (1912-1926). The city was heavily damaged during the Tôkyô Earthquake of 1923 and by Allied bombings in World War II. Today, with neighboring Kawasaki, Yokohama is the center of the Keihin Industrial Zone. Huge steelmaking, automobile, chemical, oil-refining, electrical-appliance, and food-processing factories are here. The port handles the export of automobiles, cameras, and television sets and the import of oil, soybeans, and machinery. Attractions include the garden Sankeien, Yamashita Park, and a Chinatown district. Area: 432 sq km (167.9 sq mi); pop: 3,220,331.
Japan, An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha Ltd. 1993