100 Years of Cinema:July, 1996, Scott #1845 sheet of 9, #1846 sheet of 1
Legendary Sleuths of the Silver Screen
#1845a Humphrey Bogart [1899-1957] as Sam SpadeThe Maltese Falcon (1941)
#1845b Sean Connery [1930- ] as James Bond (007)
Dr. No (1962); From Russia with Love (1963); Goldfinger (1964); Thunderball (1965); You Only Live Twice (1967); Diamonds Are Forever (1971); Never Say Never Again (1983)
#1845c Warren Beatty [1937- ] as Dick TracyDick Tracy (1990)
#1845d Basil Rathbone [1892-1967] as Sherlock Holmes
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1939); The Hound of the Baskervilles (1939); Sherlock Holmes and the Secret Weapon (1942); Sherlock Holmes and the Voice of Terror (1942); Sherlock Holmes Faces Death (1943); Sherlock Holmes in Washington (1943); The Spider Woman (1944); The Scarlet Claw (1944); The Pearl of Death (1944); The Woman in Green (1945); Pursuit to Algiers (1945;) The House of Fear (1945); Terror by Night (1946); Dressed to Kill (1946)
#1845e William Powell [1892-1984] as Nick Charles (The Thin Man)
The Thin Man (1934); After the Thin Man (1936); Another Thin Man (1939); Shadow of the Thin Man (1941); The Thin Man Goes Home (1945); Song of the Thin Man (1947)
#1845f Sidney Toler [1874-1947] as Charlie Chan
Charlie Chan in Honolulu (1938); Charlie Chan at Treasure Island (1939); City in Darkness (1939); Charlie Chan in Reno (1939); Charlie Chan at the Wax Museum (1940); Charlie Chan in Panama (1940); Charlie Chan's Murder Cruise (1940); Murder Over New York (1940); Dead Men Tell (1941); Charlie Chan in Rio (1941); Castle in the Desert (1942); Charlie Chan in Black Magic (1944); Chinese Cat, The (1944); Charlie Chan in the Secret Service (1944); Jade Mask, The (1945); Red Dragon, The (1945); Scarlet Clue, The (1945); Shanghai Cobra, The (1945); Shadows Over Chinatown (1946); Dangerous Money (1946); Dark Alibi (1946); Trap, The (1947)
#1845g Peter Sellers [1925-1980] as Inspector Jacques Clouseau (The Pink Panther)
The Pink Panther (1963); The Return of the Pink Panther (1974); The Pink Panther Strikes Again (1976); Revenge of the Pink Panther (1978); Trail of the Pink Panther (1982); Curse of the Pink Panther (1983)
#1845h Robert Mitchum [1917-1997] as Philip Marlowe
The Big Sleep (1978); Farewell, My Lovely (1975)
#1845i Peter Ustinov [1921- ] as Inspector Hercule Poirot
Death on the Nile (1978); Evil Under the Sun (1982); Thirteen at Dinner (1985) (TV); Dead Man's Folly (1986) (TV); Murder in Three Acts (1986) (TV); Appointment with Death (1988)
#1846 Margaret Rutherford [1892-1972] as Miss Jane Marple
Murder, She Said (1961); Murder at the Gallop (1963); Murder Most Foul (1964); Murder Ahoy (1964); The Alphabet Murders (1966)
COMMONWEALTH OF DOMINICA, island republic of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. It is situated between the French islands of Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south; on its eastern shore is the Atlantic Ocean. The capital is Roseau. Dominica covers an area of 290 square miles (750 square km) and is some 29 miles (47 km) long and 16 miles (26 km) wide. The population in 1990 was estimated to be 80,500.
The earliest known inhabitants of the West Indies were two Amerindian tribes: the Arawaks, who migrated from South America, and the Caribs, who later drove them out. At the time of Columbus' arrival, Dominica was inhabited by the fierce, warlike Caribs, who were at war with the inhabitants of neighbouring islands.
The island received its name from the Latin dies dominica ("the Lord's day," or "Sunday"), the day on which Christopher Columbus sighted it in 1493. It remained one of the last islands to be explored by Europeans, because of its steep coastal cliffs and inaccessible mountains. The island's strategic position, however, later caused it to become the centre of a threefold conflict between the Carib Indians, the British, and the French. Control of the island was contested between the British and French until it was ultimately awarded to Britain in 1783. Subsequent hostilities between the settlers and the native inhabitants resulted in the near extinction of the Caribs by war, disease, and deportation.
Dominica's position in the eastern rim of the Caribbean, where the Windward Islands are off to the south and the Leewards to the west, has caused ambiguity in its geographic grouping. At first Dominica was one of the Leeward Islands, part of a British Caribbean government administered from Barbados. In 1671 Dominica, along with several other islands, was separated from Barbados, and in 1771 it was made a separate government. In 1833 it was united with seven other islands under the government of the Leeward Islands; it was a member of the Federation of the Leeward Islands, created in 1871, but was transferred to the Windward Islands in 1940. In 1956, with three other islands, it formed the Territory of the Windward Islands, which in 1958 joined the Territory of the Leeward Islands to form the Federation of the West Indies. In 1967 Dominica, among other islands, became a self-governing state within the West Indies Associated States, retaining complete control of internal affairs while Britain remained responsible for external relations and defense. In 1978 it became independent as the Commonwealth of Dominica.
In August 1979 Hurricane David virtually destroyed the island: nearly 75 percent of the population was homeless, the capital was in ruins, and damage to schools was severe. There was a 60 percent decline in general agricultural production and near total destruction of export crops and timber; all essential services were stopped. Before recovery could get fully underway, another hurricane struck in 1980, bringing additional destruction. Adding to Dominica's problems was a confused political scene, which was complicated by two attempted coups in 1981. Nevertheless, considerable progress was made toward recovery in the 1980s.Encyclopaedia Britannica